The bottlenose dolphin: the undisputed star of the sea
Pictogram
200-300 kg
Weight
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2-3 meter
Length
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40 km/h
Swimming speed
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15 minutes
Holding their breath
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45 years
Age
Speaker icoon
How I sound
Listen

About the dolphins

The bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), one of 36 species of dolphins worldwide, lives in Dolfinarium. Did you know that all dolphins are a type of whale? And like all whales, they are not fish at all, they are mammals. That means baby dolphins come out of the mother’s belly alive – not from an egg – and the mother gives her young milk.

Dolphins in the wild

Dolphins in the wild
In the wild, dolphins are found in temperate and tropical waters. They live both in shallow coastal areas and far away from the coast, in the open ocean. Only in the colder Arctic seas you will not find dolphins. Dolphins are smart, they can adapt to many different habitats.

They eat a wide variety of fish, squid and crustaceans. Different groups of dolphins have developed distinct hunting techniques, which are passed on from generation to generation. Dolphins themselves have to watch out for predators such as orcas and large shark species.

Dolphins live in dynamic groups of about five to twenty animals, also known as a ‘pod’. They live in pods for hunting and breeding and to better defend themselves against predators. Once in a while, multiple groups of dolphins come together and form a superpod of thousands of dolphins! Then the groups split up again into new compositions. This social structure is also known as ‘fission fusion’.

Within a group of dolphins, a dominance hierarchy forms. That means one dolphin is in charge of the other dolphin. By chasing, biting and hitting each other with their tail fins, they compete for their place in the hierarchy. But they don’t really get hurt.

Usually the larger males are dominant, but smaller animals can also move to the top of the hierarchy. As long as they are tough and strong enough! Just like the group composition, the hierarchies are also constantly changing.

Dolphins mate throughout the year, but especially during the warmer summer months. The gestation period lasts twelve months – so they are pregnant for a year! After that year, the young dolphin is born, and such a young is called a calf. Just like cows!

During birth, the tail comes out first so that the calf does not drown. Sounds crazy, doesn’t it: an animal that can swim so well, but still drown? But because a dolphin is a mammal and breathes through lungs—not gills—it can. Therefore, after birth, the mother pushes the calf directly to the surface to breathe. The calf drinks milk from its mother for about two years, but after a few months it becomes interested in fish.

Physique

Dolphins have a streamlined body that allows them to easily glide through the water. And you can see how fast they can do that during our dolphin presentation Oceanica! Will you come and have a look soon?

They have three types of fins: a strong tail fin for speed, pectoral fins for steering and the dorsal fin for stability in the water, much like a boat keel. Their thick layer of mud keeps them warm in the water.

Dolphins breathe through the blowhole on top of their head, which is directly connected to the lungs. Did you know that such a blowhole is actually their nostril? They can close this with a lid when they go underwater. And they can’t smell with this nose!

Bottlenose dolphins have eighty to a hundred pointed teeth, which they use to grab the slippery fish. However, they do not chew the fish, but swallow it in one go! Could you do that too?

 

Curious how such a dolphin feels, smells or looks up close?

Step into the water and meet our animals up close!

Discover our 'closer to animals' programs

Threats

Fortunately, the bottlenose dolphin as a species is not endangered in the wild (IUCN red-list status: not threatened. But they are at risk. For example, because they often get stuck in fishing nets, causing them to drown, or by plastic waste. Read more about conservation and learn how you too can help protect the porpoises!

The Dolfinarium also protects species in the wild. Certain subpopulations and subspecies are indeed threatened, such as the Black Sea bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus ssp. ponticus). The more we learn about bottlenose dolphins, the better we can protect these animals! The Dolfinarium contributes to this through scientific research and education.

The Dolfinarium is the only place in the Netherlands where you can see bottlenose dolphins in real life. You will find them here. In addition, you can also see them swimming in the Dolphin Delta, you can even go into the water with them!

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Volgende show: 13:30 uur - Dolfijnenshow
On this moment: Actueel weerbeeld als pictogram 22 °C